The 16 Best Shallow Well Jet Pumps for Rural Homes in 2020

In Well Water Pumping by Jeremiah CasteloUpdated: Published: Leave a Comment

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Humans have sourced water from wells for millennia and will continue to do so for as long as water remains in the ground.

While the components of what make up a well system have developed and greatly improved functionality, the concept of drawing groundwater from an aquifer remains largely unchanged.

Modern wells require the assistance of a well pump to force water upwards and into a water system, and the requirements for the type of pump vary depending on the depth of the well.

This article will focus primarily on shallow well jet pumps and everything a well owner would need to know in obtaining and using one.

This article will discuss the following:

  • Which are the Best Shallow Well Jet Pumps Available?
  • Which are the Best Deep Well Jet Pumps Available?
  • How a Jet Pump Works
  • How to Prime a Shallow Well Jet Pump
  • Maintenance and Troubleshooting FAQs


Editor's Choice for Best Shallow Well Jet Pump



  • 3/4 HP
  • Max Flow: 900 GPH
The 6.6 Gallon pressure tank comes with an internal butyl bladder, eliminating the waterlogging problem. Burcam provides a 2-year warranty for the pump and tank. Unit is factory assembled for easy installation.

See it at Ace Hardware

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PumpModelVendor
Red Lion
Shallow Well

zoro.com

CountyLine
Shallow Well

Eco Flo
Shallow Well
Superior Pump
Shallow Well
Dayton
Shallow Well

zoro.com

Flotec
Shallow Well
WAYNE SWS100
Shallow Well
Goulds J5
Convertible

amazon logo

Wayne CWS75
Convertible
Goulds HSJ07N
Multistage

amazon logo




Among the multitude of shallow well pump manufacturers, we've selected the most trusted names in the well pumping business. For well owners with depths of up to 25 feet, these jet pumps are the best reviewed for this particular type of application.

Each pump has their own horsepower rating and voltage so be sure to check with the manufacturer for the appropriate size for the well system.



Our Top Choice




  • 3/4 HP
  • Max Flow: 900 GPH
  • 6.6 Gallon Pressure Tank
  • 115/230 Volts
  • Stainless Steel
  • 2 Year Warranty

Buy from Ace Hardware
Buy from Northern Tool
Buy from Amazon

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Burcam is Canadian well pump company which remains one of the leading distributors in North America. Formed in 1978, Burcam thrives on innovative ideas and qualified customer service. Known for quality and lasting durability, Burcam remains one of the leading pump manufacturers among well owners.

The pump and tank combination by Burcam is entirely composed of stainless steel which ensures high durability without the risk for corrosion or rust. At 3/4 HP and a max flow rate of 900 gallons per hour, the shallow well pump is capable of providing fresh water to a large home or cabin with well depths of up to 25 feet. Includes high performance impellers, built for continuous or intermittent use. Comes with 0-100 PSI pressure gauge.

The 6.6 Gallon pressure tank comes with an internal butyl bladder, eliminating the waterlogging problem.

Burcam provides a 2-year warranty for the pump and tank. Unit is factory assembled for easy installation.


Pros

  • Runs quietly
  • 2 year warranty
  • Stainless steel design for rust resistance

Cons

  • Pressure tank occupies larger space

  • 1/2 HP
  • 120/240 Volt
  • Max GPM: 13.6
  • 5.8 Gallon Pressure Tank
  • 2 Year Warranty

Buy from Zoro.com
Buy from Amazon

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Red Lion, now distributed by Franklin Electric, is another trusted brand within the well pumping industry and supplies pumps to well owners around the world. Along with their wide array of submersible pumps, Red Lion jet pumps are one of the more widely used brands available.

The RL-SWJ50 is a durable shallow well jet pump which features a pre-charged, 5.8 gallon pressure tank. Ideal for rural homes and cabins, the pump and tank combination allows for immediate and easy installation. The 1/2 HP motor is powerful enough for supplying water for 3-4 people with moderate water usage.

The pump is made of durable cast iron and comes with a 30/50 setting pressure switch. With a Max GPM of 13.6, the RL-SWJ50 is ideal for well depths of up to 25 feet.

The RL-SWJ50 is well designed, durable, and powerful shallow well jet pump from a trusted brand. This model comes with a 2 Year warranty.


Pros

  • Includes pressure tank
  • 2-year warranty
  • Durable design

Cons

  • Occupies a larger amount of space






  • 1/2 HP
  • Max GPM: 8.5
  • Maximum Depth to Water: 25 ft.
  • Corrosion-resistant Cast Iron
  • 1 Year Warranty

Buy from Tractor Supply

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CountyLine is Tractor Supply’s premier well pump brand of high quality, competitively priced irrigation products.

CountyLine Shallow Well Cast Iron Jet Pump delivers water from 25 ft. or less and is built of rugged cast iron construction for long life.


More Pumps by CountyLine:







  • 1 HP
  • Max GPH: 1038
  • Maximum Depth to Water: 25 ft.
  • Corrosion-resistant Thermoplastic
  • 1 Year Warranty

Buy from Ace Hardware
Buy from Zoro.com

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ECO-FLO is pump manufacturer from Ashland, OH dedicated to providing environmentally-conscious products for the modern household. Their submersible pump features a 1-1/4 in. FNPT discharge connection and includes a built-in check valve that provides smooth water passage for maximum efficiency.

The ECO-FLO EFSWJ10P Shallow Well Pump provides superior performance and a higher capacity with more pressure for shallow wells of 25 feet or less.


More Pumps by EcoFlo:







  • 1/2 HP
  • Maximum Depth to Water: 25 ft.
  • Corrosion-resistant Cast Iron
  • 3 Year Warranty

Buy from Northern Tool
Buy from Tractor Supply

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The Superior Pump 94505 1/2 HP Jet Pump features a rugged cast iron pump body for durability. Designed for shallow well applications, the 94505 will work with wells up to 25 ft. in depth.

The pump features a pre-mounted, fully adjustable pressure switch preset at 20/40 PSI. A dual voltage motor, with built-in thermal overload protection, can be set for 115 or 230 volts. A high-quality glass-filled thermoplastic impeller and diffuser are designed to move up to 600 gallons per hour at 1-foot of lift.


More Pumps by Superior Pump:







  • Pressure Switch Setting: 30 - 50 psi
  • 2 GPM @ 15 Ft
  • 3 GPM @ 30 Ft
  • Voltage: 115/230
  • HP: 1/2

Buy from Zoro.com

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Dayton is an American manufacturing company that produces a large catalog of high-quality industrial and residential machines including water pumps, motors, filters, and a range of parts and accessories. Dayton’s submersible pump line sets a standard for residential deep well pumps for their reliability and build quality.

Dayton’s shallow well jet pump has a pressure setting of 30 to 50 psi and can deliver between 3 and 10 gallons of water per minute, depending on the depth. Its corrosion-resistant, cast iron housing protects it from damage and other outdoor elements.


More Pumps by Dayton:







  • 1/2 HP
  • Max GPM: 17.5
  • 115/230 volt
  • Max Temp: 140 degrees F
  • Corrosion-resistant Cast Iron
  • 12 Month Warranty

Buy from Amazon

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Goulds Water Technology has been a trusted brand in well pumping for over a century. Specializing in deep and shallow well jet pumps, convertible and multistage jet pumps, and submersible pumps, Goulds combines industry-standard manufacturing with excellent customer service.

The J5S shallow well jet pump is one of their most popular jet pumps for shallow wells. At 1/2 HP, the J5S is sufficient for an average 3-4 person home with shallow well depths up to 25 feet. At the max depth of 25 feet, the J5S can provide up to 8.7 GPM. At a depth of 5 feet, it can provide up to 17.5 GPM.

Built of corrosion-resistant cast iron and FDA-approved tubing. The back pull-out design allows for easy disassembly for cleaning and repair without disturbing piping. The Goulds J5s shallow well jet pump is well built for continuous pump with minimal maintenance and will withstand outdoor elements. At a max temp of 140 degrees, it has a high threshold for overheating.

The J5S shallow well jet pump by Goulds is excellent for rural homes, cottages, and applications with a high water table. Goulds offers a 1 year warranty for this jet pump.


Pros

  • Overheating protection
  • Quiet motor – 60Hz
  • Cast iron build for durability

Cons

  • Shallow pumping depth -25ft





Wayne pumps are assembled in the US and distributed worldwide. Specializing in well pumps for residential use, Wayne offers a variety of pumps for various applications.

The SWS100 shallow well jet pump is a powerful pump at 1 HP and can supply a large household with fresh water at depths of up to 25 feet. With a cast iron build, this pump is very durable and perfect for rural settings.

The motor can pump 420 gallons of water per hour and runs quietly. The cast iron design adds for extra durability.


Pros

  • Heavy-duty cast iron build
  • Quick and easy installation
  • Quiet motor

Cons

  • No low-suction switch

  • 1/2 HP
  • Max GPM: 8
  • 115V/230V
  • Corrosion-Resistant Thermoplastic
  • 1 Year Warranty

Buy from Ace Hardware
Buy from Northern Tool
Buy from Amazon

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Flotec, a brand of water pump manufacturing giant Pentair, is a leader in well pump manufacturing around the world.

The thermoplastic design of the FP4012-10 allows for the highest-corrosion resistance among well pumps. With a stainless steel shaft, insulated motor windings, and dust proof cover, the FP4012 is ideal for outdoor placement for rural homes and cottages.

At 1/2 HP and max GPM of 8, the FP4012 can provide clean water for a small home with a well depth of up to 25 feet. The lightweight build allows it for easy transportation and installation, and its dust-proof cover protects it from outside elements.


Pros

  • Thermoplastic material eliminates corrosion
  • Overheating protection
  • Lightweight

Cons

  • Thermoplastic is noisier than cast iron builds

Best Deep Well Jet Pumps: 25 to 90 ft.


Convertible jet pumps pump water at depths between 25 and 90 feet, while some multistage deep well jet pumps can reach even further depths. These jet pumps are suitable for well owners whose depths exceed 25 feet, but don't quite meet the need for a submersible pump.



Our Top Choice




  • 1 HP
  • 115/230 Volts
  • 30/50 Pressure Switch
  • Max GPM: 20
  • Cast Iron Build

Buy from Zoro.com
Buy from Amazon

Image

Red Lion's convertible jet pump is powerful enough to provide a maximum flow rate of 20 GPM for large homes and cottages. The convertible jet design allows for well depths between 25 and 90 feet.

Red Lion's name is well known among well pump owners as they've been a leading manufacturer in the industry for decades. The glass-filled thermoplastic impellers allow for maximum efficiency in pumping.


Pros

  • Pumps at 20 gallons per minute
  • Strong cast iron build

Cons

  • Pressure gauge not included






  • 1/2 HP
  • 115v/230v
  • Max Temp: 140 F
  • Cast Iron Build

Buy from Amazon

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The J5 deep well convertible jet pump is a powerful pump for well depths between 25 and 90 feet. The 1/2 HP motor is ideal for a small home or cottage in a rural setting.

Goulds traditionally manufactures their pumps with corrosion-resistant cast iron to ensure optimum durability. Robustly designed to perform continuously without damage, the FDA-compliant impellers allow for optimum performance. The protected mechanical seal ensures leak protection.

Max temperature of 140 degrees allows for overheating resistance. Goulds is a staple name in pump manufacturing and their convertible deep well jet pump is the top of the line.


Pros

  • Overheating protection
  • Meets depths between 25 and 90 feet
  • Cast iron build for extra durability

Cons

  • Will not reach depths shallower than 25 feet or deeper than 90






  • 1/2 HP
  • Max GPM: 10
  • Maximum Depth to Water: 70 ft.
  • Corrosion-resistant Cast Iron
  • 1 Year Warranty

Buy from Tractor Supply

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Deeper wells may require a convertible jet pump to account for the increased depth.

CountyLine Convertible Cast Iron Jet Pump delivers water from 70 ft. or less and is built of rugged cast iron construction for long life. It includes pressure regulator, pressure gauge and ejector kit for 4 in. wells or larger.







  • 3/4 HP
  • Max GPM: 15
  • Maximum Depth to Water: 90 ft.
  • Corrosion-resistant Cast Iron
  • 1 Year Warranty

Buy from Ace Hardware
Buy from Tractor Supply

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The ECO-FLO EFCWJ7 Convertible Jet Pump can be used in either shallow or deep well installations in 4 in. wells. Ideal for shallow well applications with pumping levels to 25 feet, and for deep well applications with pumping levels to 90 feet.






Wayne's CWS75 convertible jet pump is a durable, cast-iron built pump designed to lift water from depths between 25 and 90 feet. The 3/4 HP motor is ideal for medium sized homes and cottages in rural areas.

Wayne pumps are leading manufacturer in the US and distribute pumps and parts to consumers worldwide. The CWS75 pump is self-priming, eliminating the need to prime manually.


Pros

  • Self-priming pump
  • Easy installation

Cons

  • Runs loud






  • 1/2 HP
  • 115 Volts
  • Pre-charged 15 Gallon tank
  • Rugged cast iron construction

Buy from Zoro.com

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Simer's deep well jet pump is sufficient to provide large homes with fresh well water at depths of  up to 70 feet. Its cast iron construction allows for the strongest build, making it safe for outdoor use if necessary.







Goulds' HSJ07N is a powerful multistage convertible jet pump designed for homes, cottages, and rural settings where well depths might exceed 90 feet. The high-capacity, multistage pump is specifically designed for continuous operation. Includes pressure switch, pressure gauge, and fittings.

Thermoplastic impellers ensure corrosion resistance and lightweight, efficient movement. Includes twin pipe assembly for both shallow and deep well application.


Pros

  • Thermoplastic impellers
  • High capacity – for depth greater than 90 feet

Cons

  • High cost
Read Also

Why Use a Shallow Well Jet Pump?


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The two most widely used types of pumps for well systems are jet pumps and submersible pumps. The submersible pump design is a relatively newer concept which submerges the pump beneath the water line, pushing water upwards and into the pressure tank. Jet pumps have been used as a standard for well systems for much longer and pull water upwards from the surface rather than pushing from underneath.

As the name suggests, shallow well jet pumps are designed to be used with shallow wells – up to 25 feet in depth. Submersible pumps are used for deeper wells – 90 feet and deeper.

Convertible jet pumps are much more versatile in design and allow for depths between 25 and 90 feet deep. Like shallow well jet pumps, convertible jet pumps operate on the ground level and pull water upwards.

jet pump and tank / greenleaf natures solution / youtube

jet pump and tank / greenleaf natures solution / youtube

For those whose water level is less than 25 feet, a shallow well jet pump may be the most practical application for the well system and will save a lot of time and expense in installation. Since the jet pump sits on the ground surface, the diameter of the well didn’t be as wide as a well with a submersible pump.

Shallow well pumps are typically more durable due to their build material and straight-forward design in comparison to the complexity of submersible pumps and also require less maintenance. They can also be easily relocated in case of emergency. In addition, should there be any need for servicing or repairs, an above ground jet pump is much easier to access than a submersible pump.





How Does a Jet Pump Work?


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The concept behind the mechanics of a jet pump is relatively simple. Whereas a submersible pump uses force to push water up toward the ground level, jet pumps create a vacuum to pull water upwards from underground.

The idea of a straw or siphon being used to suck water from one source to another illustrates the mechanics behind a jet pump. The longer the distance between the two sources, the stringer the suction needed to move water. This is precisely why shallow well jet pumps can move water at a maximum depth of about 25 feet.

In order to create a powerful enough vacuum to suck water upwards against the force of gravity, jet pumps use rapidly spinning impellers which are driven by an electric motor, creating centrifugal force to draw water up.

The pump is attached to a single narrow pipe which drops down into the groundwater and through which water travels up. The pump then forces water into the pressure tank which provides the entire system with water.

Double Drop / Convertible / Deep Well Jet Pumps

In order to exceed the 25-foot depth limit of most shallow well jet pumps, double-drop pumps, also known as convertible or deep well pumps, reach depths of up to 90 feet.

jet pump / ntccXerblog / youtube

jet pump / ntccXerblog / youtube

Convertible jet pumps work similarly to shallow well pumps in that they operate above ground and use impellers to create centrifugal force to suck water up from the well. But rather than having one drop pipe, convertible jet pumps have two drop pipes running down the well.

One of the drop pipes draws water upward just as with a shallow well pump, the other drop pipe, known as the drive line, pushes water downward back into the well in order to create additional pressure. The drive line typically extends into the well at 10 to 20 feet deeper than the suction line.

Because of the extra water pressure created by the drive line, convertible jet pumps are able to draw water from depths up to 90 feet.

Multistage Jet Pump

goulds jet pump / zeppone / youtube

goulds jet pump / zeppone / youtube

For well depths greater than 90 feet, a multistage jet pump may be more suitable in providing the required amount of pressure to draw water from the well. Multistage jet pumps include multiple impellers which allow for more powerful draw and thus greater water pressure.

Among the above-ground jet pumps, multistage jet pumps reach the greatest depths for well water pumping.

Things to Consider

Build Material

Jet pumps are typically housed in a cast iron or stainless-steel casing to protect it from corrosion and damage. The impellers can be made of either bronze or thermoplastic material.

While bronze is much more expensive, it is much more durable and powerful in its performance and more resistant to corrosion. Thermoplastic, while also durable, is much more lightweight and therefore requires much less energy to operate.

Flow Rate

In order to determine the motor size of the jet pump needed for the household, the demand for water must first be calculated.

In a typical residence, demand can be calculated by the number of fixtures in the household, which includes all showers, faucets, appliances, and outdoor fixtures. This number is roughly equivalent to the required water usage measured in gallons per minute (GPM). For example, a household with a total of 12 fixtures will have a demand of 12 gallons per minute. Thus, a jet pump capable of providing a flow rate equal or greater to 12 GPM should be considered.

Horsepower

It is important to consider that the more powerful the well pump, the more energy will be required to power it. A pump’s horsepower is also directly related to the flow rate in GPM. A pump capable of providing a higher flow rate will typically have a higher HP rating to support it.

Shallow well pumps will typically have lower HP, while convertible and deep well jet pumps will require higher HP in order to compensate for the greater depth the water needs to travel.

Max GPM

When selecting a well pump, it is important to note that the max GPM rating doesn't necessarily indicate that the pump will provide that high of a flow rate at all times. The actual flow rate the pump will provide will be dependent on the depth of the well and the pressure setting. Flow rate can also fluctuate as the pressure within the tank rises and drops.

For example, a pump with a max GPM of 15 may only be able to provide that high of a flow rate at a pressure setting of around 50 PSI and at a well depth of about 10 feet (example). Should the pressure setting be at 30 PSI, and the depth of the well at 25 feet, the flow rate of the pump might be at 8 to 10 GPM. The max GPM rating of a pump only indicates its maximum potential given the optimum conditions.





How to Prime a Well Pump


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The centrifugal force generated by a jet pump relies on water pressure, not air pressure. Because of this, water must first be present within the system in order for the pump to create enough suctioning force to draw more water upwards. The process of preparing a jet pump by adding water to the system is known as priming.

The purpose of priming a jet pump is to introduce water into the pump system and remove any traces of air. About two gallons of water is required for priming and if the well system is being started for the first time, an outside source of water may be needed.

  1. First, shut off all electrical power to the pump to avoid accidental start-ups.
  2. Be sure to momentarily open a household fixture to drain the system of any excess water.
  3. Locate and remove the prime plug with a wrench and use a funnel to pour water into the priming hole. Be sure to fill it completely until it overflows. Replace the priming plug once enough water has been poured in.
  4. Turn on the power supply and allow the pump to run through a normal cycle. A properly primed pump should cause the pressure gauge to climb and the dry sputtering sounds should subside as all the air exits the system.
  5. Open a tap in the house to check if the system is working correctly. If water pressure is weak or intermittent, try priming the pump again until water flow is consistent.

Video: How to Prime a Jet Pump

Watch this great step-by-step video by RC Worst on how to prime a jet pump.




Troubleshooting and Maintenance


How to Winterize a Jet Pump

Ideally, a jet pump should operate indoors, preferably in a basement, with the water line extending out into the well. And while a cast iron jet pump is designed to withstand outdoor operation, indoor placement would save the pump from extreme weather conditions.

With that said, should there be a need to keep the pump outdoors, it is best to drain the pump completely during winter seasons so as to avoid freezing. Allowing water to remain in the water lines and jet pumps can cause damage and should be avoided.

The Pump is Running But No Water is Coming Out

A pump which continues to run but fails to produce any water flow may be an indicator of a pump which has lost prime. In this case, it would be necessary to prime the jet pump again.

Shut off the power supply, add water to the pump via the prime plug, turn the pump back on and repeat the steps as necessary until the pump has reached prime once again.

Pump is Short Cycling

If the jet pump turns on and off too often, a problem known as "short cycling", it may be an indicator of several factors. It may indicate that the pressure tank is waterlogged, or that a valve is leaking, or that the pressure switch needs to be adjusted.

  • Be sure to inspect all valves for leaks and replace them as necessary.
  • Inspect the pressure tank for waterlogging. Shut off the system, empty the tank, and restart the pump. Be sure to check the tank for air leaks.  If the bladder is ruptured, the tank will need to be replaced.
  • If the pressure switch setting is too high or low for the well system, adjust it as necessary and restart the pump. Be sure that the differential between the cut-in and cut-out pressure setting is about 20 PSI.

Pump Won't Shut Off

If the pump continues to deliver water but won't shut off, the system's pressure isn't reaching the cut-off value. This may be because the pressure setting is too high, or because of a clog in the system which is keeping the pressure too low.

Be sure to check and expel any debris in the pump, especially in the impellers. If necessary, lower the pressure setting to a level more suitable for the system.

Summary


In regions where the water table isn't as deep as to require a submersible pump, deep and shallow well jet pumps may be the appropriate application for the well system. Shallow well jet pumps are typically used for wells at depths of 25 feet or less, while deep and convertible jet pumps reach 90 feet and beyond. The type jet pump necessary for the well system would depend on the depth of the well and the flow rate required to meet the household's demand.

Other considerations for choosing a jet pump include the build material, horsepower, and maximum GPM that the jet pump can provide.

Jet pumps use centrifugal force to pull water upwards as opposed to submersible pumps which push water from underneath. Unlike submersible pumps, jet pumps need to be primed in order to function properly. Priming a jet pump involves filling it with enough water prior to pump operation.

Deep and shallow well jet pumps may be the perfect application for well owners with slightly higher water tables and for those who prefer to have easy access to their pump.


Thank you for taking the time to read our article on the best deep and shallow well jet pumps. We'd love to hear your feedback in the comments section below. If you've found this article to be useful and are interested in learning more, be sure to sign up for our newsletter.

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References


Agri Facts. (n.d.). Shallow Well Jet Pumps. Retrieved from https://www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/$department/

Amber Pump and Water. (2019, July 7). Facts About Water Well Pumps/Submersible Pump Vs Jet Pump. Retrieved from https://amberpumpandwatertreatment.com/blog

Global Spec. (n.d.). Jet Pumps Selection Guide. Retrieved from https://www.globalspec.com/learnmore/flow

Home Guides. (n.d.). How to Prime Household Water Pumps. Retrieved from https://homeguides.sfgate.com/prime-household-water-pumps-73152.html

Inspecapedia. (n.d.). Two Line Jet Pumps for Water Wells: Installation & Repair. Retrieved from https://inspectapedia.com/water/Jet_Pump

Mr Roooter. (2019, July 15). Choosing the Right Water Well Pump for You. Retrieved from https://www.mrrooter.com/greater-syracuse/about-us/blog/2016/march/choosing-the-right-water-well-pump-for-you/

Popular Mechanics. (1997, May 1). How It Works: Water Well Pump. Retrieved from https://www.popularmechanics.com/home/how-to/a152/1275136/

Power Equipment Direct. (2019, June 28). Priming Your Well Pump. Retrieved from https://www.powerequipmentdirect.com/stories/1705-How-to-Prime-a-Well-Pump.html

Red Lion Products. (n.d.). Pump and Tank Selection. Retrieved from https://redlionproducts.com/media/33881/996245_rl-pump-and-tank-selection-guide_web.pdf

Skillings and Sons. (2018, January 25). Choosing Replacement Well Pumps for Your Water Well. Retrieved from https://www.skillingsandsons.com/blog/choosing-replacement-well-pumps-for-your-water-well

Wayne Pumps. (2016, April 4). Choosing the Right Well Pump. Retrieved from https://www.waynepumps.com/solution-center/choosing-the-right-well-pump/

Well Pump Centre. (2017, October 20). The Shallow Well Jet Pump - Things You Need to Know. Retrieved from https://wellpumpcentre.com/types-well-pumps/well-jet-pump/shallow-well-jet-pump-things-need-know/

Well Pump Centre. (2017, December 4). Convertible Jet Pumps - Things You Need to Know. Retrieved from https://wellpumpcentre.com/types-well-pumps/well-jet-pump/convertible-jet-pumps/

I'm Jeremiah Castelo, the owner of World Water Reserve. I'm a writer and researcher with a particular interest in sustainability and rural living, water scarcity, and innovative water purification methods. I utilize my multimedia and communication experience in the NGO and humanitarian fields to bring light to important topics. My passion is to educate others on the reality of the global water crisis and on ways to sustain themselves and their families in the midst of it.

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